About Nepal

General Information Nepal

One of the youngest republics in the world President

Rt. Hon’ble Mrs. Bidya Devi Bhandari

Vice President Rt. Hon’ble Mr. Nanda Bahadur Pun

Prime Minister Rt. Hono’ble Mr.Pushpa Kamal Dahal “Prachanda”

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by multi-ethnic, multi-linguistic and multi-cultural set up National Flag Only a Religion A secular country with the population of Hindu majority characterized triangular shaped flag in the world with crimson at the background and blue border having as emblems the moon and sun in the upper and lower triangle of the flag. Official Language Nepali (Local authorities can use local ethnic languages in their day to day operations but they are supposed to maintain the records in Nepali language as well)
Capital City Kathmandu Geographical Position 26°22′ to 30 °27′ North Longitude   : 80°4′ to 88 °12” East. It is bordered to the north by the Peoples Republic of China and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. Local Time                                                                     GMT+ 5:45 hours Climate The hill, mid-hills and particularly the Kathmandu valleys are pleasant with warm summers and cool winters. Temperature ranges between maximum of 37 and minimum of 6 degree Celsius in the plains, 28 and 2 degree Celsius in the Kathmandu valley and 16 and 6 degree Celsius in the mountains. The rainy season lasts from June to August. Total Area                                                                       1,47,181 Square Kilometres Himalayan Region: 22,077 Sq.Km Mountainous Region: 1,00083 Sq. Km Terai Region: 25,021 Sq. Km Some Facts and Figures about Nepal (According to Census-2011)

 Total Population

26, 494, 504 (June 22, 2011)

Male

12, 849,   041 (48.5%)

Female

13,   645,463 (51.5%)

Sex ratio (Male per 100 Female)

94.2

Population increase rate

1.35% per   annum

Total Households

5,427,302

Average Household size

4.88   persons

Female Headed households

25.73%

Population Density

180 per   sq. km

Urban Population

17.7% of   the total population

Working age population (15-59)

56.96%

Mobile phone users

64.63%

Literacy rate

87.5%

Male

92.97%

Female

79.36%

Average life expectancy*

69

Male*

67

Female*

70

(* World Health Statistics 2012,   WHO)
Total Fertility rate **

2.6

Infant mortality rate**

46 (per   1000 live birth)

Child mortality rate**

9 (per   1000 live birth)

Maternal mortality rate**

281 (per   100,000 live birth)

(** Nepal Demographic and health survey 2006)