General Information

Nepal

One of the youngest republics in the world

Rt. Hon. Mrs. Bidya Devi Bhandari
President

Rt. Hon. Mr. Nanda Bahadur Pun
Vice President

Rt. Hon. Mr. Sher Bahadur Deuba
Prime Minister

Rt. Hon. Mr. Sher Bahadur Deuba
Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs

Religion

A secular country with the population of Hindu majority characterized by multi-ethnic, multi-linguistic and multi-cultural set up

National Flag

Only a rectangular shaped flag in the world with crimson at the background and blue border having as emblems the moon and sun in the upper and lower triangle of the flag.

Official Language

Nepali (Local authorities can use local ethnic languages in their day to day operations but they are supposed to maintain the records in Nepali language as well)

Capital City

Kathmandu

Geographical Position

26°22′ to 30 °27′ North Longitude   : 80°4′ to 88 °12” East. It is bordered to the north by the Peoples Republic of China and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India.

Local Time

GMT+ 5:45 hours

Climate

The hill, mid-hills and particularly the Kathmandu valleys are pleasant with warm summers and cool winters. Temperature ranges between maximum of 37 and minimum of 6 degree Celsius in the plains, 28 and 2 degree Celsius in the Kathmandu valley and 16 and 6 degree Celsius in the mountains. The rainy season lasts from June to August.

Total Area

1,47,181 Square Kilometres

Himalayan Region:   22,077 Sq.Km

Mountainous Region: 1,00083 Sq. Km

Terai Region: 25,021 Sq. Km
Some Facts and Figures about Nepal (According to Census-2011)

 Total Population

26, 494, 504 (June 22, 2011)

Male

12, 849, 041 (48.5%)

Female

13, 645,463 (51.5%)

Sex ratio (Male per 100 Female)

94.2

Population growth rate

1.35% per annum

Total Households

5,427,302

Average Household size

4.88 persons

Female Headed households

25.73%

Population Density

180 per sq. km

Urban Population

38.26% of the total population (residing in 191 municipalities)

Working age population (15-59)

57%

Mobile phone users

64.63%

Literacy rate (Total)

87.5%

Male literacy rate

93%

Female literacy rate

79.36%

Average life expectancy*

69

Male*

68

Female*

70

(* World Health Statistics 2012, WHO)
Total Fertility rate **

2.6

Infant mortality rate**

46 (per 1,000 live birth)

Child mortality rate**

9 (per 1,000 live birth)

Maternal mortality rate**

281 (per 1,00,000 live birth)

(** Nepal Demographic and health survey 2006)